8. How could fair trade change history?

In this lesson students imagine that they are the president of South Africa making a speech in 100years time about how fair trade has changed the world.

Learning Objective
To make a prediction of the ways in which fair trade could change the lives of individuals and communities in South Africa.

Learning Outcome
To understand that fair trade is a movement which has the power to change the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.

Write a controversial statement on the board. E.g. Fair trade does not make a difference to the majority of farmers in countries like South Africa. Students think of how they would reply if they were a producer from EAC. Would they agree or disagree?

Main Activity
Explain to the class that they are going to explore how fair trade could “make history” – or change it if becomes the widely supported movement we hope. Discuss as a class what important events have taken place over the last 100 years. If easier, split into categories, for example: social, technological, political and economic. Look at the ideas below to help you.

Political: World War 1 and 2, the Cold War, 9/11 and the War on Terror, votes for women, decolonization, Apartheid in South Africa, development of nuclear weapons, corruption, power of the developed nations over the “developing” nations.

Social: civil/equal rights, swinging sixties, celebrity culture, development of the “teenager”. Over population and extreme poverty in different areas of the world, climate change, Asian tsunami, Haiti earthquake.

Technological: development of the TV, internet, social networking, mobile phones, space trips.

Economic: Wall street crash, credit crunch.

In groups ask students to predict what might happen in the next 100 years. How about specifically to the UK and South Africa? Discuss the student’s ideas. Then ask them to focus on the challenges faced by people and communities in countries such as South Africa
e.g. impact of climate change: extreme weather, drought; access to clean water; access to education and training opportunities; health epidemics such as HIV/AIDs; natural disasters, unfair trade laws; debt.

Split students into groups again. In their groups students imagine that they are President of South Africa in 100 years time, and they are giving a speech to the world explaining how fair trade has made a difference to the country over the course of the century. How has it changed South Africa? How has it changed the world?

Ask each student to write a question about the topic in the style of Who wants to be a millionaire? Use the students questions (and some of your own if need be!) to carry out a quiz in the style of the programme.